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Uber/Lyft

The New Global Order in Ride Hailing: Didi vs. Uber

Note: Maps generally exclude markets where only "professional" drivers are allowed to carry passengers. Source: The Information

Uber became the giant of ride hailing in part by capturing markets around the world. But now Didi Chuxing of China is challenging that dominance, pumping money into a variety of Uber rivals or directly entering markets ranging from Brazil to sub-Saharan Africa.

The Information put together a graphic mapping the countries in which Uber and Didi operate, where Uber has substantial equity stakes in the local leader, and where firms that took Didi money are fighting Uber. It shows Uber maintaining its supremacy in areas like Latin America but losing near-monopoly status in some parts of that region as well as in Africa and Australia. Using previously undisclosed internal data, the map also reflects the steep drop Uber has faced in the Middle East over the past year. (To see other companies that have substantial market share, toggle between the two views, and scroll down to see how much revenue Uber generates in some key cities.)

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One of Didi’s proxies, Taxify, has been gaining share in countries like South Africa, Kenya and Nigeria. Taxify, in which Didi holds a roughly 20% stake, is based in Estonia but also operates across Europe, sub-Saharan Africa and Australia. Mr. Villig, the Taxify CEO, says the company is on track to generate $1 billion in gross revenue this year from its operations across multiple regions. He declined to say whether Didi is expected to put more money into his company this year, but Taxify is widely viewed as a potential acquisition target by Didi, especially if Didi deems its acquisition of 99 in Brazil to be successful.

--Juro Osawa contributed to this article.

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Once a ride-hailing company establishes a large lead in a market, it can be difficult to displace it.